OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA 

 
What is it?
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is when you have a strong urge to move your legs. This urge is very hard to resist. It often comes with other uneasy feelings deep inside the legs. You can have a very hard time trying to explain what this feels like. The sensation might be like burning, prickling, itching or tingling. It can even be more extreme and feel painful. These feelings, along with the urge to move, are made worse by rest. Lying or sitting still can be very hard. Temporary relief is found when you walk or move the legs. This relief tends to come right away.

Obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA, is a sleep related breathing disorder that causes your body to stop breathing during sleep. OSA occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat collapses and blocks the airway. This keeps air from getting in to the lungs. This is a very common sleep disorder.


It happens because the muscles inside the throat relax as you sleep. Gravity then causes the tongue to fall back and block the airway. Blockage of the airway can happen a few times a night or several hundred times per night.

How do I know if I have it?


1. Do you experience any of these problems?

 • Unintentionally falling asleep during the day

 • General daytime sleepiness

 • Unrefreshing sleep

 • Fatigue

 • High blood pressure

 2. Do you ever wake from sleep with a choking sound or gasping for breath?

 3. Has your bed partner noticed that you snore loudly or stop breathing while you sleep?

If your answer to each of these questions is yes, then you might have obstructive sleep apnea.

Do I need to see a sleep specialist?

Yes. Many primary care doctors are not always sure how to figure out if you have Sleep Apnea. Since it is not a common sleep problem, doctors do not see many patients who have it. Sleep specialists deal with people who have Sleep Apnea all the time. They have the experience and skill to help you get better. They will need to know your full medical history. They will also be sure to give you a physical exam. Finally, you will need to do two sleep studies. These sleep studies will help them evaluate your problem.

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RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is when you have a strong urge to move your legs. This urge is very hard to resist. It often comes with other uneasy feelings deep inside the legs. You can have a very hard time trying to explain what this feels like. The sensation might be like burning, prickling, itching or tingling. It can even be more extreme and feel painful. These feelings, along with the urge to move, are made worse by rest. Lying or sitting still can be very hard. Temporary relief is found when you walk or move the legs. This relief tends to come right away.

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INSOMNIA

Someone with insomnia may have the following symptoms:


Feeling tired and grumpy during the day

 • Having trouble concentrating at work

 • Falling asleep during the day

You can be tired and grumpy even if you don’t have insomnia. You may be worn-out from staying up too late at night. This does not mean that you have insomnia. Many people are sleepy during the day simply because they went to bed too late the night before. They don’t have a sleep disorder; they just didn't get enough sleep.

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NARCOLEPSY
The term narcolepsy is used to describe a group of people affected by excessive sleepiness. It also includes features of dreaming that occur while awake. Narcoleptics are often refreshed by short naps. However, after two or three hours, they feel sleepy again. At times, people with narcolepsy can fall asleep suddenly. These “sleep attacks” can happen while eating, walking or driving.